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Sunday, April 28, 2019

Manang Imee and BBM: "For every BIG Marcos Claim, a BIG Lie"

No man has a good enough memory to make a successful liar. 
~Abraham Lincoln
"Pumasok ako sa Princeton at pagkaalam ko, nag-graduate ako."
Manag Imee
 Senatorial candidate Imee Marcos has "falsely claimed" to have graduated from Princeton University, its independent student newspaper reported .
"Although she enrolled in the University in 1973, no record shows that she graduated," the Daily Princetonian reported.
Marcos on her official website, claims to be "one of the first female graduates from an Ivy League School—Princeton University, graduating with honors."
The student paper however reported that Princeton Deputy University Spokesperson Michael Hotchkiss had noted that Marcos attended "from fall 1973 to spring 1976 and returned again for fall 1977 to spring 1979," and had an independent concentration in Religion and Politics. 
“Our records do not show that Ms. Marcos was awarded a degree,” Hotchkiss wrote, according to the Daily Princetonian.
The daughter of late dictator Ferdinand Marcos Sr had previously insisted that she graduated from the prestigious university.
Her alleged graduation from the University of the Philippines (UP) Diliman has also been disproven after Marcos posted photos of her supposed graduation from the UP College of Law in 1983. 
From ABS-CBN
Asked by a reporter whether he earned a bachelor’s degree or a diploma from Oxford, Marcos replied, “I got a diploma. 
What do you get when you graduate? You get a diploma.”
MANILA - Senator Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr. stood by his statement that he got a diploma from the University of Oxford in England but never finished his master’s at the Wharton Business School, in response to an investigative story that raised questions about his academic background.
“I think sinagot ko na (I think I’ve already answered that),” Marcos said. “I got my diploma from Oxford. Hindi ako nagtapos sa Wharton because naging vice governor ako. Gano’n lang naman iyon (I did not finish in Wharton because I became vice governor. That’s just it).”
According to a report by Rappler, Marcos’s name does not appear in the records of both Oxford and Wharton, contrary to what is stated in his resume that he graduated from the two prestigious institutions.
In response, Marcos said he earned his diploma from Oxford’s St. Edmund Hall, but that he did not finish his MBA at Wharton because he had to return to the country to serve as vice governor of Ilocos Norte.
Asked by a reporter whether he earned a bachelor’s degree or a diploma from Oxford, Marcos replied, “I got a diploma. What do you get when you graduate? You get a diploma.” From ABS-CBN

"We can confirm that a Ferdinand Marcos matriculated at the University of Oxford in 1975 to read for a BA in Philosophy, Philosophy and Economics. According to our records, he did not complete his degree, but was awarded a special diploma in Social Studies in 1978." 
From Asian JournalUSA.com
Was Marcos a well-decorated soldier?
John Sharkey of the Washington Post who did an extensive research on the matter did not think so. Jeff Gerth and Joel Brinkley of the New York Times after perusing the War files in the National Archives found out that Marcos’ claims were “fraudulent” and “absurd”. Historian and scholar Dr. Alfred McCoy, while researching a book World War II in the Philippines, discovered the fraudulent Marcos files among hundreds of thousands of documents involving real heroes and fraudulent claimants during World War II.
Army Captain Ray C. Hunt who directed guerilla activities in Pangasinan said, “No way.” The “List of Recipients of Awards and Decorations issued from December 7, 1941 through June 30, 1945” was compiled by the General Douglas MacArthur’s headquarters in Tokyo after the end of the war. Another list of some 120 Americans and Filipinos who were awarded during the Bataan campaign was transmitted to the War Department by General Jonathan Wainwright on April 12 shortly before his surrender. MARCOS WAS NOT on any of the lists.
Many of Marcos’ medals were obtained for heroic actions in Kiangan, Mt. Province while serving in the 14th Infantry under the Command of Colonel Manriquez and Adjutant Captain Rivera. Both attested to fact that Marcos was a non-combatant and just a Civil Affairs officer. They knew of no award that Marcos could have received or had been entitled to.
For 40 years Philippine War records were not available to the public. It was only in the 1980s that many of the documents were eventually accessible to legitimate researchers and scholars. Led by Colonel Bonifacio Gillego assisted by a team from the Movement for a Free Philippines, a study was made on “Marcos: FAKE HERO”. The study was written by Col. Gillego and was published by the Philippine News and the We Forum which Marcos shut down and its Editor and staff writers indicted for “sedition” punishable by death.
After an exhaustive analysis of the medals which Marcos supposedly received, Gillego came up with the following conclusions:
Eleven awards were given in 1963;
Ten were given on the same day (12/20/1963);
Three awards were given in one AFP General Order (12/20/1963);
One award was given in 1972 when he was already President;
Eight are really campaign ribbons which everybody involved in Bataan and the resistance movement (including my barber’s uncle), is entitled to receive;
Awards are duplicated for the same action at the same place on the same day;
One is a Special Award given by the Veterans Federation of the Philippines; and three for being wounded in actions which his own Commandant swore could not have happened.