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“How shall freedom be defended? By arms when it is attacked by arms, by truth when it is attacked by lies, by faith when it is attacked by authoritarian dogma. Always, in the final act, by determination and faith.” ― Archibald MacLeish

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“When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they can seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall. Think of it--always.” ― Mahatma Gandhi

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“How shall freedom be defended? By arms when it is attacked by arms, by truth when it is attacked by lies, by faith when it is attacked by authoritarian dogma. Always, in the final act, by determination and faith.”

― Archibald MacLeish

Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Bongbong Marcos:"For every BIG Marcos Claim, a BIG Lie"


"Over the next decade, Marcos’s cronies and immediate family would tiptoe back into the country, one by one – always to the public’s revulsion and disgust, though they showed that there was nothing that hidden money and thick hides could not withstand." From Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew’s book 
“From Third World to First”
No man has a good enough memory to make a successful liar. ~Abraham Lincoln
Bongbong:An Undergraduate Diploma in Oxford is the same as the second year of an undergraduate degree.
MANILA - Senator Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr. stood by his statement that he got a diploma from the University of Oxford in England but never finished his master’s at the Wharton Business School, in response to an investigative story that raised questions about his academic background.
“I think sinagot ko na (I think I’ve already answered that),” Marcos said. “I got my diploma from Oxford. Hindi ako nagtapos sa Wharton because naging vice governor ako. Gano’n lang naman iyon (I did not finish in Wharton because I became vice governor. That’s just it).”
According to a report by Rappler, Marcos’s name does not appear in the records of both Oxford and Wharton, contrary to what is stated in his resume that he graduated from the two prestigious institutions.
In response, Marcos said he earned his diploma from Oxford’s St. Edmund Hall, but that he did not finish his MBA at Wharton because he had to return to the country to serve as vice governor of Ilocos Norte.
Asked by a reporter whether he earned a bachelor’s degree or a diploma from Oxford, Marcos replied, “I got a diploma. What do you get when you graduate? You get a diploma.”
From ABS-CBN
Current & prospective students - FAQs -OXFORD UNIVERSITY:What is an Undergraduate Certificate / Diploma / Advanced Diploma?
An Undergraduate Certificate is the same as the first year of an undergraduate degree.
An Undergraduate Diploma is the same as the second year of an undergraduate degree.
An Advanced Diploma is the same as the third year of an undergraduate degree.
Where is BongBong in the famous Oxford Graduates List? Politicians and civil servants(FromWikipedia)
NameMGDegreeNotesRef
Clement Attlee (F)?1904BA Modern History(2nd)British Prime Minister-
Sir Jeremy Beecham19621965Law (1st)Labour politician-
Robert Cecil??LawA founder of the League of NationsNobel Peace Prize 1937.-
Bill Clinton19681970[DNG]42nd President of the United States of America-
William de Silva???Ceylonese politician-
Andrew George?1981MA Agricultural EconomicsLiberal Democrat MP-
Richard Fuller???Conservative MP-
Philip Hammond??PPEConservative MP-
Bob Hawke??BLittAustralian Prime Minister (Labor)-
Festus Mogae??EconomicsPresident of Botswana-
Colin Moynihan19741977BA PPEConservative MP-
Robert Reich19681970PPEformer U.S. Secretary of Labor-
David Renton (HF)??LawMP-
John Scott?1770BALord Chancellor of Great Britain-
Roger Short???British consul-general to Turkey-
Tan Jee Say19731976PPESingaporean politician and former civil servant-
Henry Thrale1744??MP-
William Weld??Economicsgovernor of Massachusetts-
Sir Rowland Whitehead??History (1st)KC MP

Every lie is two lies — the lie we tell others and the lie we tell ourselves to justify it. 
~Robert Brault
From Asian JournalUSA.com
Was Marcos a well-decorated soldier?
John Sharkey of the Washington Post who did an extensive research on the matter did not think so. Jeff Gerth and Joel Brinkley of the New York Times after perusing the War files in the National Archives found out that Marcos’ claims were “fraudulent” and “absurd”. Historian and scholar Dr. Alfred McCoy, while researching a book World War II in the Philippines, discovered the fraudulent Marcos files among hundreds of thousands of documents involving real heroes and fraudulent claimants during World War II.
Army Captain Ray C. Hunt who directed guerilla activities in Pangasinan said, “No way.” The “List of Recipients of Awards and Decorations issued from December 7, 1941 through June 30, 1945” was compiled by the General Douglas MacArthur’s headquarters in Tokyo after the end of the war. Another list of some 120 Americans and Filipinos who were awarded during the Bataan campaign was transmitted to the War Department by General Jonathan Wainwright on April 12 shortly before his surrender. MARCOS WAS NOT on any of the lists.
Many of Marcos’ medals were obtained for heroic actions in Kiangan, Mt. Province while serving in the 14th Infantry under the Command of Colonel Manriquez and Adjutant Captain Rivera. Both attested to fact that Marcos was a non-combatant and just a Civil Affairs officer. They knew of no award that Marcos could have received or had been entitled to.
For 40 years Philippine War records were not available to the public. It was only in the 1980s that many of the documents were eventually accessible to legitimate researchers and scholars. Led by Colonel Bonifacio Gillego assisted by a team from the Movement for a Free Philippines, a study was made on “Marcos: FAKE HERO”. The study was written by Col. Gillego and was published by the Philippine News and the We Forum which Marcos shut down and its Editor and staff writers indicted for “sedition” punishable by death.
After an exhaustive analysis of the medals which Marcos supposedly received, Gillego came up with the following conclusions:
Eleven awards were given in 1963;
Ten were given on the same day (12/20/1963);
Three awards were given in one AFP General Order (12/20/1963);
One award was given in 1972 when he was already President;
Eight are really campaign ribbons which everybody involved in Bataan and the resistance movement (including my barber’s uncle), is entitled to receive;
Awards are duplicated for the same action at the same place on the same day;One is a Special Award given by the Veterans Federation of the Philippines; and three for being wounded in actions which his own Commandant swore could not have happened.
Imelda, his wife, had a penchant for luxury and opulence. When they visited Singapore they came in stye in two DC8’s, 
his and hers.
From Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew’s book 
“From Third World to First”
Marcos, ruling under martial law, had detained opposition leader Benigno (Ninoy) Aquino, reputed to be as charismatic and powerful a campaigner as he was. He freed Aquino and allowed him to go to the United States. As the economic situation in the Philippines deteriorated, Aquino announced his decision to return. Mrs. Marcos issued several veiled warnings. When the plane arrived at Manila Airport from Taipei in August 1983, he was shot as he descended from the aircraft. A whole posse of foreign correspondents with television camera crews accompanying him on the aircraft was not enough protection.
International outrage over the killing resulted in foreign banks stopping all loans to the Philippines, which owed over US$25 billion and could not pay the interest due. This brought Marcos to the crunch. He sent his minister for trade and industry, Bobby Ongpin, to ask me for a loan of US$300-500 million to meet the interest payments. I looked him straight in the eye and said, “We will never see that money back.” Moreover, I added, everyone knew that Marcos was seriously ill and under constant medication for a wasting disease. What was needed was a strong, healthy leader, not more loans.
Shortly afterward, in February 1984, Marcos met me in Brunei at the sultanate’s independence celebrations. He had undergone a dramatic physical change. Although less puffy than he had appeared on television, his complexion was dark as if he had been out in the sun. He was breathing hard as he spoke, his voice was soft, eyes bleary, and hair thinning. He looked most unhealthy. An ambulance with all the necessary equipment and a team of Filipino doctors were on standby outside his guest bungalow. Marcos spent much of the time giving me a most improbable story of how Aquino had been shot.
As soon as all our aides left, I went straight to the point, that no bank was going to lend him any money. They wanted to know who was going to succeed him if anything were to happen to him; all the bankers could see that he no longer looked healthy. Singapore banks had lent US$8 billion of the US$25 billion owing. The hard fact was they were not likely to get repayment for some 20 years. He countered that it would be only eight years. I said the bankers wanted to see a strong leader in the Philippines who could restore stability, and the Americans hoped the election in May would throw up someone who could be such a leader. I asked whom he would nominate for the election. He said Prime Minister Cesar Virata. I was blunt. Virata was a nonstarter, a first-class administrator but no political leader; further, his most politically astute colleague, defense minister Juan Ponce Enrile, was out of favour. Marcos was silent, then he admitted that succession was the nub of the problem. If he could find a successor, there would be a solution. As I left, he said, “You are a true friend.” I did not understand him. It was a strange meeting.